Integration & Support Team Leader
International Plant Protection Convention Secretariat
Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Dr Shoki Al-Dobai holds a PhD degree in Plant Protection – Entomology from the Slovak University of Agriculture in Slovakia with over 18 years’ work experience at national, regional and international levels in pest management, biological control, pesticide management and phytosanitary measures. Currently, he works as the Integration & Support Team Leader of the Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) at Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN). His is in charge of support and coordination of the work of the IPPC governing body “Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM)”, strategic planning, partnership, and communication and advocacy activities of the IPPC Secretariat. In addition to the technical activities related to the emerging pests and plant health issues.
From 2011 to 2017 he served as a Regional Crop Protection Officer at the FAO Regional Office for the Near East & North Africa Region in Cairo, Egypt. He provided guidance and technical support to governmental institutions in the formulation and implementation of FAO plant protection projects and programmes, both at the national and regional levels. In addition to the FAO work history, Dr. Al-Dobai has also academic and research experience as Lecturer and Assistant Professor at different universities, and as visiting Post-Doctoral Research Entomologist at the Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology (CMAVE), Agricultural Research Service (ARS), US Department of Agriculture, Gainesville, Florida, USA. He worked on a research project and examined environmentally friendly methods to conserve and increase population of natural enemies of plant pests by planting specific flowering plants amidst and near crops.
Adjunct Professor, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Dr Geoff Norton is currently Adjunct Professor at The University of Queensland (UQ), Brisbane as well as an advisor to the software development company – Identic Pty. Ltd., a spin-off company involving staff initially based at UQ. Previously Geoff was Director of the Centre for Pest Management, Imperial College, University of London (1984 – 1992); Director of the Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Pest Management, CSIRO, Australia (1992 – 98); and Director of the Centre for Biological Information Technology at UQ (1998 – 2012). The overall theme of Geoff’s research over almost 50 years has been at the interface of socio-economics and ecology. This has led to the development and worldwide application of systems analysis, stakeholder involvement processes, and the development of decision support tools that address specific resource management problems, with a particular focus on decisions involving crop protection issues. He has published over 100 journal articles, books and book chapters in this field.
More recently, Geoff works with the software team at Identic Pty Ltd, the group that developed the Lucid suite of software, used by taxonomists, agronomists and other specialists to author multi-media, interactive identification and diagnostic keys or tools. These tools are deployed via USB, CD/DVDs, online, and as Lucid Mobile smartphone apps to support decisions made by researchers, quarantine officers, crop advisors, farmers, etc.
Geoff is currently President of the International Association for the Plant Protection Sciences (IAPPS).
Insect Biopesticide Research Centre
Dr Opender Koul, Fellow of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences and the Indian Academy of Entomology, is an insect toxicologist/physiologist/chemical ecologist and currently the Director of the Insect Biopesticide Research Centre, Jalandhar, India, and Adjunct Professor, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, Bangkok. After obtaining his PhD in 1975, he joined the Regional Research Laboratory (CSIR), Jammu, and then became Senior Group Leader of Entomology at Malti-Chem Research Centre, Vadodara, India (1980–1988). He has been a visiting scientist at the University of Kanazawa, Japan (1985–1986), University of British Columbia, Canada (1988–1992), Institute of Plant Protection, Poznan, Poland (2001), and Kasetsart University, Bangkok (2009). His extensive research experience concerns insect—plant interactions, spanning toxicological, physiological, and agricultural aspects. Dr Koul has been honoured with an Indian National Science Academy medal (INSA), the Kothari Scientific Research Institute award, KEC Science Society award, Recognition Award of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of India for outstanding contribution in the field of insect toxicology/ physiology and plant protection, Dr. R.C. Saxena Memorial Medal of Entomological Research Association, and the late P.P. Singhal Memorial Award in Entomology. Dr Koul is on panels of experts in many committees and leading international and national journals. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the journal Biopesticides International and Industrial Crops and Products. He has also been an informal consultant to the Board on Science and Technology in International Development (BOSTID), and to the National Research Council (NRC) of the United States at the International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), Nairobi; UNIDO consultant for biopesticides in China; and ICS-UNIDO consultant in Nigeria. He has authored over 240 research papers and articles, and is the author/editor of 20 books on various aspects of biopesticides.
Head of Institute
Julius Kühn-Institute (JKI)
Prof. Dr. Frank Ordon is president of the JKI and honorary professor for “Molecular resistance breeding” at the Martin-Luther-University, Halle-Wittenberg, Germany. He studied agricultural science at the Justus Liebig University in Giessen, Germany, where he also got his PhD and state doctorate (Dr. habil.). He is the editor in chief of “Plant Breeding” and is a member of several editorial boards, e.g. “Theoretical and Applied Genetics”, “Journal of Applied Genetics,” and scientific advisory boards. He is chair of the Research Committee of the Wheat Initiative.
Frank has a basic background in classical and molecular plant breeding with special emphasis on breeding for resistance against viral and fungal pathogens in barley and wheat. His primary contribution includes genetic analyses of resistance and the development of molecular markers for major resistance genes and QTL, especially against virus diseases, up to gene isolation. Besides this, he is working on improving tolerance to abiotic stress in several crop species. Frank has published the results of his studies in more than 130 papers in peer reviewed journals.
Agroscope, Research Division Agroecology and Environment, Reckenholzstrasse 191, 8046 Zurich, Switzerland
Dr. Jörg Romeis heads the Biosafety Research Group at Agroscope in Zurich, Switzerland. Agroscope is the Swiss center of excellence for agricultural research, and is affiliated with the Federal Office for Agriculture. In addition, he is lecturer at the University of Bern and adjunct professor at the Institute of Plant Protection of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences in Beijing.
Jörg holds an MSc and PhD in biology and was trained as an applied entomologist with a focus on biological pest control and multi-trophic interactions. He has more than 20 years of experience in studying insect-resistant genetically engineered (GE) plants, such as Bt maize and cotton, and with the environmental risk assessment that these plants have to pass prior to cultivation. His research is focusing on the effects of GE plants on arthropod herbivores and their predators and parasitoids. In addition to primary research, Jörg is actively involved in international expert groups defining operational environmental protection goals, and in developing guidelines for risk assessment and non-target testing to ensure that GE plants released to the environment do not cause environmental harm.
In total, Jörg has published more than 170 papers in peer-review journals. He has also edited a book that addressed the integration of insect-resistant GM plants in IPM programs.
Visiting Professor of the Kibi International University, Adviser of OAT Agrio Co., Ltd.
Prof. Umetsu received his Ph.D., Agricultural Chemistry, in 1974 from the Tohoku University, Japan. Originally an agricultural chemist with expertise in rice blast disease and its associated toxins. During 1974-1981, Dr. Umetsu was a postdoctoral trainee and visiting scientist in the University of California, Riverside, where he conducted research on the adverse effect of impurities existing in technical organophosphorus insecticides. He also worked on the design of new carbamate insecticides and succeeded in commercializing several products.
On returning to Japan, Dr. Umetsu continued his research on the development of commercial agrochemicals with Otsuka Chemical Co. During a 15-year period as research manager and head (Director on Board) of the Otsuka Agricultural Chemicals Division, Dr. Umetsu and his colleagues developed six new agrochemicals.
He is a member of many scientific societies such as the Pesticide Science Society of Japan (PSSJ) and the International Association for the Plant Protection Sciences (IAPPS). Dr. Umetsu was a President or Vice President of PSSJ for a total of six years, Member of the Governing Board of IAPPS (coordinator for Northeast Asia) and conference chair of the 3rd Pan-Pacific Conference of Pesticide Science held in Hawaii.
He served as a visiting professor of the Tokyo University of Agriculture and the Kobe University for many years and is currently a visiting professor of the Kibi International University and the East China University of Science and Technology. He is an Honorary Member of PSSJ. He currently works as an advisor to OAT Agrio CO., Ltd.
Presentation title: Trend in Pesticide Discovery Research -Development of Safer and Environmentally Friendly Pesticides
The development and manufacture of effective, safe to human, and at the same time environmentally friendly pesticides have been a challenge to feed the growing population of our planet. Development of the pesticides possessing lower risk to natural enemies and useful organisms and compatible with IPM is also an important target. The presentation is an attempt to summarize the trends in research, development and commercialization of safer and environmentally friendly pesticides during the past decade.
In insecticide development, the trend is changing from organophosphorus, carbamate, synthetic pyrethroids to nicotinic insecticides (neonicotinoids) and diamides. Recently, compounds having a variety of novel mode of action that are not classified into existing insecticides are under development. Because of the growing social concern in the effect to honeybees, honeybee toxicity has become a new target for selective toxic insecticide.
In fungicide development, succinate dehydrogenase inhibitor (SDHI) fungicides are most common (more than 15 compounds) with sterol demethylation inhibitor (DMI) and quinone outside inhibitor (QoI) fungicides. However, due to resistance development against SDHI fungicides, Qi (quinone inside) inhibitor fungicides and many fungicides possessing novel mode of action are currently under development. Though many different herbicides possessing a mode of action such as acetolactate synthase (ALS), p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate (HPPD), protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPO) and very long chain fatty acid elongase (VLCFAE) inhibition has been developed, no herbicides possessing novel mode of action have been commercialized for nearly past 30 years. It is of interest that cyclopyrimorate under development has reported in 2018 to possess novel mode of action, homogentisate solanesyl- transferase inhibition.
Development of useful acaricides, nematicides and biopesticides is also progressing. Some natural product origin pesticides have got attention.
Head of Chemical Ecology, Agriculture, Health and Environment Department
Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, Kent ME4 4TB, UK
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Surrey TW9 3AB, UK.
Phil Stevenson is Professor of Plant Chemistry at the Natural Resources Institute (University of Greenwich) where he is Head of the Chemical Ecology. He holds a dual position as Head of Biological Chemistry at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Phil’s research has focussed on the biological and ecological role of plant chemicals and understanding how these compounds can be used to support sustainable agriculture. This work includes research on pollen and nectar chemistry to determine their role in pollinator behaviour and health and behavioural ecology, natural pest resistance in crops to identify breeding traits and the optimisation of pesticidal plants (botanical insecticides) as environmentally benign and affordable alternatives to synthetic insecticides. Phil leads a variety of major research and development projects funded through UK Research and Innovation (BBSRC, GCRF), McKnight Foundation, European Union and USDA and NSF (USA). Phil’s research has been published in 150 international journal articles, books and books chapters including in Science, Current Biology, Ecological Monographs, Ecology, Journal of Ecology, Scientific Reports and Functional Ecology. Phil’s is Subject Editor at the Bulletin of Entomological Research, Regional Editor of Biopesticides International and Editorial board member of Crop Protection and Plants, People, Planet. He is a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society and Member of the British Ecological Society.
Presentation title: Pesticidal plants can provide effective and environmentally benign pest management for small holders
Plants provide a diversity of entomotoxic and insect deterrent compounds that have potential in the development of new pest management products for pest insects. Regulation in many countries is stimulating a resurgence in commercial development of new plant biopesticides that are environmentally benign and safer for human use, but expansion of the commercial botanical insecticides sector is still relatively weak. Small holder farming however has always depended on plants as a source of pest control materials and it is these stakeholders who continue to have the most to gain from natural plant-based pesticides. Numerous indigenous and exotic species of plants with pesticidal activity have been reported but few have been validated on-farm and assessed both in terms of the pest control and economic benefit to farmers. Here, recent laboratory-based analysis and evaluation of key pesticidal plants in Africa will be reviewed along with field trials supporting their activity by small holder farmers evaluating their efficacy, economic benefits and scope for widespread uptake and deployment. The reduced impacts on beneficial insects including pollinators and natural enemies of pests through the use of pesticidal plants will also be reported from our work on legume crops in Africa. Current research also shows that some pesticidal plants can be grown in field margins to provide easy access to materials for farmers as well as providing natural enemies and pollinators with nectar, refuge and alternative sources of prey food supporting mixed ecological approaches to pest management in beans. Pesticidal plants can therefore contribute effectively to sustainable agricultural intensification in small holder farming systems.