The effect of Trichoderma harzianum on physiological-biochemical characteristics of cucumber and the control effect against Fusarium wilt

At the seedling and adult plant phases, pot experiments were carried out to enhance the physiological-biochemical characteristics of cucumber, guarantee its high yield, and ensure its cultivation of quality. Trichoderma harzianum conidia agents at 104, 105, 106, and 107 cfu g−1 were applied in accordance with the application of Fusarium oxysporum powder at concentrations of 104 cfu/g on the protective enzyme activity, physiological and biochemical indices, seedling quality, resilience to Fusarium wilt, quality, and yield traits. Fusarium oxysporum powder at 104 cfu g−1 was used to treat CK1, while Fusarium oxysporum powder and T. harzianum conidia agents were not used to treat CK2.

The results show that different T. harzianum agents improved the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), catalase (CAT), and peroxidase (POD) in cucumber seedlings, improved chlorophyll content, root activity, root-shoot ratio, and seedling strength index, and decreased malondialdehyde (MAD) content (P < 0.05). T3, a combination of 104 cfu g−1 Fusarium oxysporum powder and 106 cfu g−1 T. harzianum conidia agents, had the greatest promoting effect. The effects of different T. harzianum conidia agents and their application amounts on the control of cucumber Fusarium wilt were explored. T3 had the best promotion impact, and the control effect of cucumber Fusarium wilt at the seedling stage and adult stage reached 83.98% and 70.08%, respectively.

The quality index and yield formation of cucumber were also increased by several T. harzianum agents, with T3 having the strongest promotion effects. In comparison to CK1, the soluble sugar, Vc, soluble protein, and soluble solid contents of T3 cucumber fruit were 120.75%, 39.14%, 42.26%, and 11.64% higher (P < 0.05), respectively. In comparison to CK2, the soluble sugar, Vc, soluble protein, and soluble solid contents of T3 cucumber fruit were 66.06%, 24.28%, 36.15%, and 7.95% higher (P < 0.05), respectively. In comparison to CK1 and CK2, the yields of T3 cucumber were 50.19% and 35.86% higher, respectively.

As a result, T. harzianum agents can enhance the physiological and biochemical traits of cucumber seedlings, raise the quality of cucumber seedlings, have a controlling impact on Fusarium wilt, and increase the yield and quality of cucumber fruit. The greatest effectiveness of T3 comes from its use. In this study, Trichoderma harzianum conidia agents demonstrated good impacts on cucumber yield formation and plant disease prevention, demonstrating their high potential as biocontrol agents.

Lian, H., Li, R., Ma, G. et al. The effect of Trichoderma harzianum agents on physiological-biochemical characteristics of cucumber and the control effect against Fusarium wilt. Sci Rep 13, 17606 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-44296-z

Read the complete paper here.

Publication date: Wed 18 Oct 2023 email this article   Print 

Receive the daily newsletter in your email for free | Click here