ISSN: 2338-1345 e ISSN 2808-8948 – Vol. 11 (2) 37-46 https://ojs.bakrie.ac.id/index.php/APJSAFE/about

Asia Pacific Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Food and Energy (APJSAFE)

Fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) Damage on Rice in the Philippines

Evelyn M. Valdez1, Genaro S. Rillon1, Ravindra C. Joshi1,4*, Kennedy B. dela Cruz1, Dindo King M. Donayre1, Edwin C. Martin1, Femia R. Sandoval1, Eduardo Jimmy P. Quilang1, Minda Flor Aquino2, Maria Katrina Pascual2, Jose Mariano, Jr.2, Evergilio Aquino3,
Muhammad Faheem4 and Sivapragasam Annamalai4

1Philippine Rice Research Institute, Maligaya, Science City of Muñoz, 3119 Nueva Ecija, Philippines
2Department of Agriculture-Regional Crop Protection Center II, Ilagan City, 3300 Isabela, Philippines
3 Department of Agriculture-Regional Crop Protection Center III, PhilRice Compound, Maligaya, Science City of Muñoz, 3119 Nueva Ecija, Philippines 4 Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International – South East Asia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: rc.joshi@mail.philrice.gov.ph

Received: 3 Oct 2023 | Revised: 13 Nov 2023 | Accepted: 28 Nov 2023

Fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a global invasive pest of corn, and is also common on sorghum, rice and millets, and is reported to be a larval host of 353 cultivated and uncultivated plants. FAW, a native to the tropical and subtropical regions of north, Central, and South America, continues to rapidly spread to Africa and Asia since 2016, threatening food security worldwide. In the Philippines, its first damage on corn was reported in June 2019 in Piat, Cagayan, while that on rice was in May 2021 in Gonzaga, Cagayan, and subsequently to other municipalities in Region 2. Unlike corn, however, little is known about FAW damage and host preference for rice in the Philippines. Rice, a key food security crop for the Philippines and in Asia, is amongst the key host of the FAW elsewhere (e.g., USA). The injury that the FAW will inflict in the rice plant should be known and assessed to quantify the potential yield losses, and predict when an intervention is necessary to avoid incurring potential yield losses. With this background, we conducted FAW monitoring and damage assessment in the areas reported to have FAW occurrence starting May 2021. During 2021 and 2022 assessment periods, monitoring was conducted during the months of May, June, and July. However, starting January 2023, the monitoring and damage assessments were conducted monthly with the exception for May and June wherein it was done weekly since these months coincided with the seedling stage of the rice in a majority of rice-growing areas in the Philippines and where FAW attack was reported during the previous years. FAW larval population and damage were assessed in rice seedbeds. The number of FAW larvae were counted and visual damage was estimated in a 1 m2 with three replicates.

Keywords : Fall armyworm, Rice, Damage, seedbeds, invasive species, Spodoptera frugiperda, Philipines
FAW-infested areas in the Philippines